Introduction

The Ministry of Housing and Construction proposes to implement an accelerated development programme to construct houses for people in extreme poverty by providing aid to construct 30 houses in each electoral constituency covering the 160 constituencies all over the island.  As such, 5,000 houses are expected to be constructed rapidly within the stipulated period by granting aid amounting to 75,000 rupees per person.

Target Beneficiaries

The beneficiaries of this programme will be helpless samurdhi beneficiary families, who have no potential to build a house due to lack of income, living in rural, suburban and urban areas in Sri Lanka.

The main factor reflecting the economic strength and social welfare of the people of any country is its construction sector, which is essential for its human development.  It enables the country to achieve sustainable development that combats poverty through equitable distribution of incremental growth that occurs in the economy.

Fundamental Goals 

The strategy and the fundamental goals of this development endeavour are:

     

  • Adopting community-based methodologies that incorporate features of good governance which enhance housing beneficiary community participation
  • Obtaining the fullest contribution from the relatives and friends of the beneficiary as well as donors of the area to construct the house.
  • Providing the encouragement, guidance and assistance necessary for the commitment and creativity of the housing beneficiary community.
  • Planning and implementing as a joint programme through the contribution of partner organizations in the housing sector.
  • Implementing based upon the methodology of decentralization down to District, Divisional and village level.

Implementation Methodology

Step 1 – Raising the Awareness of the Staffs

This 5,000 Houses Aided Housing Programme operates with the assistance of the staffs of the National Housing Development Authority and the Divi Neguma National Development Department.  Accordingly, enlightening the staffs becomes its first step.

Step 2 - Contribution from the District Housing Committee

The full and active contribution by the District Housing Committee, which sits with the District Secretary at its chair, is an essential factor for the success of this housing aid programme, which is implemented as a joint endeavour with the assistance of the partner organizations through decentralized methodologies.  In addition, assistance of the Divisional Housing Committee and the Village Housing Committee, which are chaired by the Divisional Secretary, is also obtained for the purpose.  The District Manager and staff of the National Housing Development Authority are conducting the enlightening of the relevant District Housing Committees.

Step 3 – Community-Driven Technical Workshops

The third step of the programme is to correctly enlighten all technical officers and field officers who will give the motivation, encouragement and guidance necessary to construct houses at a low cost using the appropriate technological methods in a thrifty manner within a very short time to the very poor low-income families who construct houses under this programme which functions on community-driven support basis.  A series of one-day workshops will be conducted island-wide under the auspices of the Construction Industry Development Authority (CIDA) for this purpose.

Step 4 – Selection of Housing Beneficiaries

The methodology of selecting housing beneficiaries is  important for this housing aid programme as much as it is for the One Hundred Day 50,000 Houses Programme.  Trust, cooperation and unity can be enhanced within the village through a correct, just and transparent selection process.  Here it is imperative that helpless families who essentially deserve a house as they hold the title to a land, have the need for a house, want a house and are capable of investing the aid granted in building a house quite frugally, and yet have a very low income and hence have no capacity to build a house are selected for this.  Selecting such families will be conducted correctly by the able contribution of the District Secretary and the Divisional Secretary and of the Manager of the National Housing Development Authority.

These families can be selected through the projects pertaining to the 50,000 Houses Programme or associated activities or through the scattered housing.  This programme operates as a women-driven programme.

Step 5 – Housing Information and Consultancy Services

Field Officers of the National Housing Development Authority will provide housing information and consultancy services necessary for the aid recipient community selected to be given the financial aid granted by the government and the house recipient community that has entered into agreement to provide labour contribution together with beneficiary savings.  Also, a head-of-household file will also be provided to file all the information pertaining to the construction of one’s house.

Step 6 – Releasing of Financial Aid

The amount of financial aid provided for a house that is constructed is Rs. 75,000.00.   It is not necessary to pay back this amount.  (Neither a service charge nor a processing fee will be charged for the loans issued)

The amount of aid mentioned above is released under the following phases.

Stage 1 -  Rs. 15,000.00   After completing the foundation in the agreed part of the house
Stage 2 – Rs. 25,000.00   After completing up to the roof level in the agreed part of the house
Stage 3 – Rs. 25,000.00   After completing the roof of the agree part of the house

After completing the construction activities in the agreed part of the house – Rs. 10,000.00

It is compulsory to prove the physical progress with photographic evidence as follows, in order to be paid the tranches of aid.  I inform that these photographs should be sent to the Head Office through the following email:
•    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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Level of Construction                                                    Persons posing
1.    After preparing the ground                                     Beneficiary, his wife and children 
2.    After completing the foundation                              - Do - 
3.    After completing the roof                                        - Do - 
4.    After completing the construction of house            - Do -

(In confirming the physical progress by photo, two sides of the house constructed should appear clearly in the photograph.)

Step 7 – Training, Documentation and Research

It is necessary to use the Activity-Based Training Methodology in training the beneficiaries of this aided housing development process as well as relevant persons involved in assisting them. Documentation is an essential process from the point of start of construction up to its completion and it should be done using both written and photographic form. Exchanging information among all stakeholders, carrying out research and preparing documents will be helpful in further strengthening Community-Based Housing.

Progress Review (District Level)

Review of progress of this aided housing development process should be carried out on a daily basis at constituency level with the participation of the beneficiaries and field officers who assist them. At these reviews, solutions should be found to the problems and constraints that surface in implementing this programme and Progress Review Reports should be prepared including these problems and constraints as well as solutions given to them and these Reports should be sent to the relevant District Offices every day.  Submitting these Progress Reports to the Housing Development Division at the Head Office is a major responsibility of the District Manager.

Led by – District Secretary/Divisional Secretary/District Manager

Progress Review (National Level)

This should be conducted with the participation of personnel from the Ministry of Housing and Construction and the National Housing Development Authority including all District Managers and other district level officers (on need basis).  

Led by - 
•    Chairman 
•    General Manager 
•    Deputy General Manager (Housing Development)

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